Through the current 2019 Nissan Futures occasion in Hong Kong, the Japanese carmaker introduced that it’s aiming to affect one fourth of its gross sales quantity in Asia and Oceania by 2022, as a part of its Nissan M.O.V.E. midterm plan. This yr’s symposium builds upon what was mentioned in Singapore final yr, and centres across the theme of “rework the best way we stay and drive.”
“Nissan is taking management to drive consciousness and embracing of electrified mobility in Asia and Oceania. We’re creating pleasure by bringing the brand new Nissan Leaf to extra markets within the area and introducing in Indonesia and the Philippines is a key step. This enables clients to get first-hand expertise with the advantages of electrical automobiles for themselves and for societies,” stated Nissan regional senior vice chairman and head of Asia & Oceania Yutaka Sanada.
Sanada said that the second-generation Leaf will arrive in Indonesia and Philippines in 2020, bringing the full variety of nations set to obtain the EV as much as 9. Eventually yr’s version of Nissan Futures, it was revealed that the Leaf can be launched in seven nations – Singapore, Malaysia, Thailand, Hong Kong, South Korea, Australia and New Zealand.
Apart from increasing the market attain of the Leaf to 9 nations, the midterm plan additionally consists of the introduction of e-Energy fashions within the area. Singapore is about to be the primary nation within the area to obtain an e-Energy mannequin, with the Serena e-Energy set to be launched there later this yr. Beforehand, Edaran Tan Chong Motor (ETCM) stated it’s trying to convey e-Energy to Malaysia, and the MPV could possibly be a really viable choice.
To additional broaden the accessibility of those electrified Nissan automobiles within the area, Sanada stated the corporate is trying to start meeting and localisation of electrification elements in key markets in Southeast Asia. Thailand is claimed to be among the many markets the place Nissan has an curiosity to assemble electrified automobiles, after the carmaker gained the approval of Thailand’s Board of Funding (BOI) for its hybrid electrical car manufacturing challenge on July 25, 2018.
From a Malaysian context, the Leaf must be regionally assembled in an effort to qualify for incentives underneath the present Power Environment friendly Car (EEV) scheme, so ETCM would both should spend money on its meeting crops to construct the automotive as a CKD, or negotiate with authorities to keep away from having to slap a sizeable price ticket that comes with a totally imported (CBU) EV.
In fact, introducing electrified automobiles is only one facet of a a lot bigger equation. There’s additionally the matter of making certain the markets being entered are ready to welcome such automobiles, be it when it comes to authorities insurance policies, charging infrastructure and suitability for autonomous automobiles to function.
With that in thoughts, Nissan commissioned Frost & Sullivan to organize a report based mostly available on the market analysis agency’s Sensible Mobility Metropolis Tracker Research titled ‘Figuring out Sensible Mobility Alternatives in 9 key cities’. The aim of the report is to determine and look at the preparedness of the chosen cities to obtain electrical and autonomous automobiles, which in flip affect points like air pollution, urbanisation and congestion.
The chosen cities which might be concerned on this report embrace Bangkok, Jakarta, Ho Chi Minh, Manila, Seoul, Hong Kong, Singapore, Sydney, and naturally, Kuala Lumpur. These 9 cities have been then clustered based mostly on per capita gross home product (GDP) and automotive penetration for additional evaluation, with Cluster A (excessive per capita GDP, excessive automotive penetration, low modal share of public transportation) consisting of Sydney and Kuala Lumpur.
Cluster B (excessive per capita GDP, low automotive penetration, excessive mannequin share of public transportation) had Seoul, Hong Kong and Singapore, whereas Jakarta, Bangkok, Ho Chi Minh and Manila have been in Cluster C (low per capita GDP, low automotive penetration).
Taking a look at our very personal capital metropolis, the report revealed that Kuala Lumpur (Sensible Metropolis Mobility Index of three.four) is awaiting a complete coverage on electrical automobiles, which factors in the direction of the upcoming Nationwide Automotive Coverage (NAP) that has been lengthy overdue.
In November final yr, deputy minister of worldwide commerce and business Dr Ong Kian Ming stated that the brand new plan will incorporate electrical automobiles and autonomous driving applied sciences. Frost & Sullivan expects that with the introduction of the brand new coverage, the uptake of EVs will considerably improve in Malaysia, supported by an enlargement of charging infrastructure.
Our neighbours to the south, Singapore, fared a lot better with a better Sensible Metropolis Mobility Index of seven.6. Within the current months, the island republic has been steadfast in conducting its autonomous car trials, whereas additionally electrifying its fleet of buses and growing the variety of charging factors to 2,000 by 2020.
Singapore’s fellow cluster member, Seoul, additionally ranked properly within the report, with plans to put in 1,500 quick chargers to encourage EV uptake. The town’s intention to roll out 5G connectivity can also be a boon to autonomous automobiles which will help additional the effectivity of public transport within the metropolis.
However, Hong Kong has but to stipulate a transparent coverage on autonomous automobiles, however is introducing electrified buses and after remedy for diesel-powered automobiles to make its public transport extra environmentally pleasant.
Cities which might be in Cluster C had a combined bag of traits, with congestion being outstanding amongst a lot of the 4 cities. Within the case of Bangkok, air pollution ensuing from transport was so extreme just lately that it triggered the return of smog to the town. The authorities has since recognise the significance of EVs to fight vehicular emissions, providing incentives to producers to arrange manufacturing amenities right here, with Nissan being among the many 20 entrants which have utilized for the license.
In the meantime, different cities like Manila and Ho Chi Minh wish to electrify their present public transport automobiles quite than going all out to push EVs to shoppers. Given the dense and congested nature of the town, introducing extra automobiles would possible worsen the state of affairs, therefore the necessity to enhance public transport from an effectivity and environmental standpoint.
Senior vice chairman of mobility at Frost & Sullivan, Vivek Vaidya, who introduced the report, said that there’s no all-encompassing plan to fight air pollution, urbanisation and congestion, and that it’s fascinating to spotlight the personalized options which are being carried out city-by-city.
Nevertheless, one key takeaway from the presentation is that governments have a crucial position to play within the promotion of electrical automobiles. This sentiment has been echoed even throughout final yr’s occasion, and it includes coverage making, infrastructure availability and decrease obstacles of entry for patrons.
Aside from Sanada’s keynote tackle and Frost & Sullivan’s report, Nissan Futures additionally featured panel discussions relating the subjects of sensible cities and mobility, in addition to shows on the the way forward for autonomous mobility and Nissan’s outlook on power.
Throughout ‘The Way forward for Clever Mobility’ presentation, chief know-how director at Alliance Innovation Lab – Silicon Valley, Maarten Sierhuis said that Nissan views an autonomous system as a holistic that may proceed to have humans-in-the-loop. “Present me an autonomous system with out humans-in-the-loop and I’ll present you a ineffective system,” stated Sierhuis on stage.
For a greater understanding of this viewpoint, Sierhuis, who used to work at NASA, views an operator as crucial in an autonomous driving community to cope with environments which might be dynamic. The thought is so a human is able to guiding an autonomous car in conditions the place on-board synthetic intelligence (AI) is confronted with sure situations. Over time, recurring options could be reused, making on-board techniques much more efficient and unbiased.
Nissan calls this improvement SAM or Seamless Autonomous Mobility, and it’s an space that the corporate will proceed to work on to additional enhance its ProPILOT autonomous driving applied sciences to have the ability to present greater autonomy ranges from the present Degree 2 functionality.
Lastly, Nicholas Thomas, international director of the electrical automobiles division at Nissan, introduced his ‘The Way forward for Power’ keynote, whereby he acknowledges that clients want an entire answer for his or her car and its integration into society.
With greater demand for EVs globally and electrical powertrains being extra reasonably priced than prior to now, Thomas proposes that electrical automobiles just like the Leaf is able to reworking the custom uni-directional power distribution mannequin (era to shopper) to a bi-directional mannequin that promotes flexibility from demand, era and storage.
Increasing additional, Thomas said that the normal demand and provide curve referring to electrical load profile requires a specific amount of power capability (with a security margin) to service peak demand durations. With the uptake of EVs, this load profile might change as shoppers create a brand new peak once they plug their automobiles in for the night time, leading to a better power capability requirement.
Nevertheless, whereas most EVs have sizeable batteries lately, most (if not all) shoppers won’t exhaust the power capability of their EV batteries on the every day drive. The saved power that’s unused creates a chance to stability the demand and provide curve with a probably decrease peak power capability requirement, and thus, reduces infrastructure funding.
This potential answer is being demonstrated by the Leaf, which comes with the V2X commonplace bi-directional charging know-how, permitting you to not simply cost the battery, but in addition utilizing the battery to partially energy exterior electrical masses comparable to buildings, houses or energy grids. Pilot tasks with V2X have already begun in different nations, together with in Japan.
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